Tungsten

chemical properties of tungsten:

PropertyValue
Atomic Number74
Atomic Mass183.84 g/mol
SymbolW
Melting Point3,422°C (6,192°F)
Boiling Point5,555°C (10,031°F)
Density19.3 g/cm³
Oxidation States+2, +4, +6
Electronegativity2.36 (Pauling scale)
Electron Configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
chemical properties of tungsten

Applications of Tungsten:

  1. Filament in Incandescent Bulbs: Tungsten has a high melting point, making it an ideal choice for filaments in incandescent light bulbs. It can withstand the high temperatures required to produce visible light efficiently.
  2. Electrical Contacts and Electrodes: Tungsten is used in electrical contacts and electrodes due to its excellent electrical conductivity and resistance to arc erosion. It is commonly used in spark plugs, electrical welding, and electrical discharge machining.
  3. Alloys: Tungsten alloys, such as tungsten-steel or tungsten-copper, are used in various applications. These alloys possess high strength, hardness, and resistance to wear and corrosion. They are used in aerospace components, electrical and electronic devices, and radiation shielding.
  4. X-ray Tubes and Radiation Shielding: Tungsten is used in X-ray tubes as a target material due to its high atomic number, which enables efficient X-ray production. Additionally, its high density makes it suitable for radiation shielding in medical and industrial applications.
  5. Thermocouples: Tungsten-rhenium alloys are used in high-temperature thermocouples. These thermocouples can accurately measure and withstand extreme temperatures, making them valuable in aerospace and scientific research applications.
  6. High-Speed Cutting Tools: Tungsten carbide, a compound of tungsten and carbon, is extremely hard and resistant to wear. It is widely used in the manufacturing of cutting tools, such as drills, milling cutters, and inserts for machining operations.
  7. Heating Elements: Tungsten wire is used as heating elements in various applications, including furnaces, vacuum devices, and heating coils for industrial processes. Its high melting point and resistance to oxidation make it ideal for high-temperature environments.
  8. Catalysts: Tungsten compounds act as catalysts in chemical reactions. For example, tungsten oxide is used in the production of sulfuric acid and in catalytic converters to reduce harmful emissions from vehicles.
  9. Glass Manufacturing: Tungsten compounds are added to glass formulations to increase the refractive index and improve the optical properties of glasses. They are used in the production of lenses, prisms, and optical fibers.
  10. Defense and Military Applications: Tungsten is used in armor-piercing ammunition, as its high density and hardness enable it to penetrate armor effectively. It is also used in missile components, gyroscopes, and other defense-related applications.

These are just a few examples of the applications of tungsten. Its unique combination of properties makes it a versatile and valuable material in various industries.

molybdenum TUNGSTEN Tantalum and Niobium
  • HeNan Ming Chuan Machinery Equipment CO.,LTD
    Add:Beihang Science and Technology ParkLuoyang city, Henan province China
    Tel:+86 13598164311 (Wechat&Whatsapp)
    Email: info@mcwmo.com
    Website: www.mcwmo.com

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top